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A Patient’s Guide to Different Types of Anxiety Medication

By Cristiana , in General , at March 30, 2023

The United States is one of the countries that have the highest rates of anxiety worldwide. In fact, 40 million Americans are suffering from anxiety disorders.

If you are among those affected by anxiety, you must take proactive steps to manage your condition and continue with your life. For people with anxiety, anxiety medication can be crucial to gaining control.

Not sure where to begin? Keep reading to learn everything there is to know about the types of anxiety medication.

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are a common type of medication used to treat anxiety. SSRIs work by increasing levels of serotonin, a type of natural chemical, in the brain. This can help reduce symptoms such as fear, worry, and negative emotions that are common in anxiety disorders. 

Under a doctor’s supervision, SSRIs may be beneficial to those living with mild to moderate levels of anxiety. Common SSRI medications include:

  • Zoloft (sertraline)
  • Prozac (fluoxetine)
  • Paxil (paroxetine)

While SSRIs have many benefits, it’s also important to remember that they come with a range of negative effects. These include nausea, headaches, fatigue, and sexual problems. Inform your doctor of any medication you are taking and any pre-existing health conditions, as SSRIs may be contraindicated in certain cases.

Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors

SNRIs work by increasing the amount of serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain. This results in a calming effect. Common SNRI medications include:

  • Duloxetine
  • Venlafaxine
  • Desvenlafaxine

Visit to learn more. Side effects of SNRIs may include nausea, dry mouth, drowsiness, insomnia, and loss of appetite. Because of interactions, patients should use special caution when combining SNRIs with other medications. 


Benzodiazepines are a type of medication used to treat anxiety. These medications are typically very effective at reducing symptoms of anxiety. It works by increasing the effects of certain neurotransmitters on the brain. 

They work quickly and may be used on an as-needed basis. It is important to take these medications exactly as prescribed, as they can be addictive when taken in large doses or over long periods of time. Patients should discuss the risks and benefits of these medications with their doctor before starting treatment.

Beta Blockers

Beta-blockers are types of anxiety medications that block certain hormones in your body. These hormones are epinephrine and norepinephrine. They are part of your “fight-or-flight” response, and when they are blocked, your body can remain calm without feeling overwhelmed. 

Beta-blockers come in several forms, such as a tablet, capsules, and liquid forms. Generally, beta-blockers must be taken on a regular basis in order to maintain their effectiveness. It is important to talk with your doctor before starting a beta-blocker regimen, as they may interact with other medications and may not be right for everyone.

Learn the Types of Anxiety Medication Today

Anxiety medications can help people cope with the daily struggles of living with an anxiety disorder. Though there are different types of anxiety medications available, it is important to remember that not all of them are right for every person. 

It is crucial to have a thorough understanding of the possible side effects and risks associated with each medication. Talk to your doctor to determine which medication is best for you.

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